Summary Of The Cold War
When did the Cold War actually begin? The Cold War started soon after World War II. The two main countries that were so-called enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union. Why did they call it the Cold War? The war among the countries was called so because neither the United States nor the Soviet Union wanted to openly fight each other and they were afraid of each other’s power.
Throughout the years of the Cold War there was a tit for tat relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. If Russians launched Sputnik, the Americans would counter it with their own space launch. The funny thing about the Cold War is that the Americans and Russians even managed to take their war to space. In fact, the main reason why the war lasted so long was that both the countries were fighting indirectly. If they had come out in the open and fought, it would have finished much faster.
Eventually the coldness between each nations started taking over other countries too and it became a war of the communist world versus the non-communist and democratic nations. The tensions only mounted and both the United States and the Soviet Union had nuclear weapons. So, that is why both were keeping quiet because nuclear weapons could devastate the entire world.
Presidents and Prime Ministers on either side came and went but the war never ended. Every President of the United States took the war personally as a Commander in Battle and it became a competition of who would do better. Finally, it was the Republican George W. Bush who called the final shots and that too because Mikhael Gorbachev backed down.